Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 1011K. Introduction to Biology. (4 Credits)

An introduction to fundamental unifying principles in biology. Topics covered in the course include: chemistry of life, cell structure and membranes, cellular functions (metabolism, respiration, photosynthesis, communication, and reproduction), genetics (inheritance patterns, DNA structure and function, gene expression, and biotechnology), and evolution. This course involves both lecture and lab components.

BIOL 1100K. Human Anatomy and Physiology for the Health Care Professional. (4 Credits)

This course is a survey of general principles of human anatomy and physiology with an emphasis on medical applications. It is restricted to students in Health Science programs or requires the consent of the division dean. Laboratory exercises supplement the instruction material. Course Prerequisite: READ 0099, ENGL 0989 or satisfactory English scores to place into co-requisite remediation or higher. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1107K. Principles of Biology I. (4 Credits)

This is an integrated conceptual course which includes all levels of biological organization with the principles of origin, development, genetics, diversity, behavior and energetics. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Prerequisite: Completion or exemption of all learning support requirements and completion of high school or college chemistry. Cannot be used with BIOL 1110K to satisfy Area D. Offered: All semesters.

BIOL 1108K. Principles of Biology II. (4 Credits)

This is an integrated conceptual course that includes a survey of living organisms, behavior and ecology. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Prerequisite: BIOL 1107K. Offered: All semesters.

BIOL 1110K. Introduction to Environmental Biology. (4 Credits)

This course uses an interdisciplinary approach to contemporary environmental problems for students not studying in science. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Prerequisite: None. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1111. Intro to Biological Science I. (3 Credits)

Introduction to Biological Science is a course designed especially for non-science majors that emphasizes functional concepts of the cell (ie, cell structure and function, mitosis and metabolism), plant antamomy and physiology through the use of lectures, audiovisual aids and other resources.

BIOL 1111K. Introduction to Biological Sciences. (4 Credits)

A course designed for non-science majors that emphasizes fundamental concepts of the cell (i.e., cell structure and function, mitosis and metabolism), and plant anatomy and physiology through the use of lectures, audio visual aids, selected laboratory experiments, and demonstrations. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1111L. Introduction to Biological Science I Lab. (1 Credit)

This course provides selected laboratory activities and demonstrations for the lecture component Co-requisite: Biology 1111.

BIOL 1112. Intro to Biological Science II. (4 Credits)

A course designed for non-science majors that emphasizes human anatomy and physiology, classical and molecular genetics, evolution, ecology, and surveys the plant and animal kingdoms through lectures, audiovisual aids and other resources. Co-requisite: Biology 1112L .

BIOL 1112K. Intro to Biological Sciences. (4 Credits)

A course designed for non-science majors that emphasizes human anatomy and physiology, classical and molecular genetics, evolution, ecology, and surveys the plant and animal kingdoms through lectures, audio-visual aids, selected laboratory experiments, and demonstrations. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1112L. Intro to Biology II Lab. (1 Credit)

Introduction to Biological Science is a course designed especially for non-science majors that emphasizes human anatomy and physiology, classical and molecular genetics, evolution, ecology, and surveys the plant and animal kingdoms through lectures, audiovisual aids, selected laboratory experiments, and demonstrations.

BIOL 1114. Survey of Biotechnology. (3 Credits)

This course studies the basic concepts, applications and impact of manipulative DNA technology on plants, animals and man.

BIOL 1114K. Survey of Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

This course studies the basic concepts, applications and impact of manipulative DNA technology on plants, animals and man.

BIOL 1114L. Survey of Biotechnology. (1 Credit)

BIOL 1115. Intro to Environmental Biology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 1115K. Introduction to Environmental Biology. (3 Credits)

This course studies the basic concepts and impact of the inte related complexities of the enviroment on man, plants, animals and society.

BIOL 1135. Life Science for Teachers Grades 3-5 In-Service. (3 Credits)

The course addresses fundamentals of Life Science for teachers, grades 3-5. This course covers basic principles and teacher misconceptions from the fields of Cells, Organisms, Genetics, Ecology, Evolution and the Characteristics of Science. The course content is aligned to the Georgia Performance Standards for grades 3-5. Restricted to DCSS in-service teachers grades 3-5 only. Prerequisite: None. Corequisite: None. Offered: On demand.

BIOL 1801. Science Career Exploration. (1 Credit)

This course is designed to introduce students (majors and nonmajors) to the diverse career opportunities in the biological, biomedical, chemical and related sciences. Course Pre-requiste: None Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 2000. Foundations of Research I: Critical Reading of Biomedical Literature. (1 Credit)

This course is the introductory course of the research track designed for biology majors to gain competence as biomedical scientists. The goal of this course is to introduce students to the various types of research literature (primary, secondary, articles for the puclic, etc.) for developing competence in the use of literature sources. Course Pre-requisite: None Offered: Fall.

BIOL 2001. Introduction to Research. (2 Credits)

This course is designed specifically to teach students pursuing degrees in health professions the basic principles of performing a sceintific research project. Each student will identify a problem, perform aa literature search, design and perform an experiment, analyze data and present the results. Course Pre=requisite: BIOL 1111k, CHEM 1212K, PHYS 1112K or consent of Division Dean. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2003. Life Sciences for the Mid Grade Teacher. (3 Credits)

This course will provide middle grades teachers with high-level science content that is the foundation for the topics of cell and organism, genetics, adaptation, and ecology. This course does not satisfy any core curriculum requirement. Restricted to Middle Grades Teachers. Prerequisites: None. Offered: On demand.

BIOL 2004. Anatomy/Phy Mid Grades. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2005K. Introduction to Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2006. Environmental Biol Mid Grade. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2023. Life Sciences/Spec Ed Teacher. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2101K. Introduction to Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2107K. Principles of Biology I. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2108K. Principles of Biology II. (4 Credits)

Biology II is the second part of the two course sequence required for students majoring in Biology. The two course sequence is designed to give students a broad foundation in the biological sciences that will enable them to pursue advanced courses in the biology curriculum. The continuity and diversity of life, evolution and activities of plant and animal life and tis environment will be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on the following topics: classical and molecular genetics, organic evolution, plant and animal reproduction, human anatomy and physiology, ecology and environment. Laboratory exercises will supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2111. Biology I. (3 Credits)

This Course is designed for Biology majors to discuss the chemistry of macromolecules in biological systems; cell structure and function, energy and metabolism; photosynthesis; cell communication; genetics – mitosis and meiosis. Prerequisite: permission of instructor for non-majors. Co-requisite: Biology 2111L .

BIOL 2111K. Biology I. (4 Credits)

A study of the animal kingdom will be introduced with discussions on the continuity and diversity of life; emphasis will be placed on basic chemistry, the cell, and classification, biological contributions, characteristics, life cycles, and economic importance of selected phyla.

BIOL 2111L. Biology I Lab. (1 Credit)

In this course students will get hands on experiences in techniques used in various biological experiments. This course is designed for Biology majors.

BIOL 2112. Biology II. (3 Credits)

Continuity, evolution and activity of life, and the animal and its environment will be discussed in this course; special emphasis will be placed on the following topics: reproduction, development, classical and molecular genetics, organic evolution, human anatomy and physiology, plant anatomy and physiology, ecology and the environment. Prerequisite: Biology 2111 Co-requisite: Biology 2112L .

BIOL 2112K. Biology II. (4 Credits)

Continuity, evolution and activity of life, and the animal and its environment will be discussed in this course; special emphasis will be placed on the following topics: reproduction, development, classical and molecular genetics, organic evolution, human anatomy and physiology, ecology and the environment.

BIOL 2112L. Biology II Lab. (1 Credit)

Biology II is the second part of a two course sequence required for students majoring in Biology. The two course sequence is designed to give students a broad foundation in the biological sciences that will enable them to pursue advanced courses in the biology curriculum. Biology II follows Biology I in continuing explorations in some of the many complexities within the biological, biomedical and related sciences.

BIOL 2113K. Invertebrate Zoology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize classification, biological contributions, characteristics, morphology, phylogeny, and adaptive radiation among the invertebrate animal phyla.

BIOL 2115K. Essentials of Microbiology. (4 Credits)

This course covers microscopic biology to include bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoan and parasitic structure with metabolism as it applies to other organismal pathology. Genetics, immunity and disease control are included. Laboratory exercises augment and support the lecture material Prerequisites: BIOL 2111K or BIOL 1108K or CHEM 1151K or BIOL 1100K. Offered: All semesters.

BIOL 2211. Intro to Microbiology. (3 Credits)

The aim of this course is to provide students majoring in nursing with the fundamental principles of Microbiology (morphogy, cultural, etc.) gained from a study of represented types of microbial organism (i.e., bacterial, fungi, parasites, viruses) and provide an understanding of the role of microorganisms as the cause of diseases. Co-requisite: Biology 2211L Prerequisite: Biology 1111 or permission of the instructor Non Biology Majors .

BIOL 2211K. Introduction to Microbiology. (4 Credits)

This is a general course in microbiology designed for Nursing majors or non-biology majors which discusses the fundamental principles of the different types of microorganisms associated with organismal pathology, genetics, immunity, and disease control are included. Select laboratory exercises will provide the basic skills and tools necessary in staining, culturing and the identification of differenct types of microorganisms associated with disease. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 1100K and CHEM 1151K or BIOL 1111K or BIOL 2107K or BIOL 2411K (for non-science majors) Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer .

BIOL 2211L. Intro to Microbiology Lab. (1 Credit)

The laboratory provides basic skills to explore the world of microbiology. Students will learn the use and care of the compound microscope, aseptic techniques, different cultural and staining techniques, identification of microorganisms and methods of antibiotic testing. Prerequisite: Biology 1111 or permission of instructor Co-requisite: Biology 2211 Non Biology Majors.

BIOL 2240. Fnd Rsch I/Formulat Hypothesis. (2 Credits)

This is the second course for the research track to build student confidence in formulating hypotheses and designing experiments. This course also includes an introduction to the ethical issues that arise in research. Through case studies and review of literature, the course will present hypothesis-driven research from diverse areas related to biomedical science. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2000 or permission of the instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 2250. Responsible Conduct of Research. (2 Credits)

This course is designed to provide an introduction to the basic concepts required for the responsible and ethical conduct of students engaged in undergraduate research. Topics will include lab safety, conflict of interest, data management, data sharing, authorship, animal welfare and policies involving use of human and animal subjects. Coure Pre-requisites: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring .

BIOL 2311. General Botany I. (3 Credits)

An introduction to the study of the plant kingdom with emphasis on plant structure and function, plant metabolism, reproduction and heredity and plant diversity. Perquisites: Biology 2112 Co-requisite: Biology 2311L .

BIOL 2311L. General Botany I Lab. (1 Credit)

Laboratory exercises will emphasize plant structure and function, plant metabolism, reproduction and heredity and plant diversity. Perquisites: Biology 2112 Co-requisite: Biology 2311.

BIOL 2312. General Botany II. (3 Credits)

A study of the evolutionary relationships of representative nonvascular and vascular plants. Prerequisite: BIOL 2311..

BIOL 2312K. General Botany II. (4 Credits)

A study of the evolutionary relationships of representatitve nonvascular and vascular plants.

BIOL 2312L. General Botany II. (1 Credit)

BIOL 2320. Laboratory Research. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2320K. Laboratory Research Techniques. (3 Credits)

This course provides students hands-on training in cutting-edge techniques, technologies, and equipment that are essential for conducting general and biomedical research. It contains four modules: Basic Lab Skills, DNA, Protein Techniques and Instrumental Methods in Chemistry. Students learn experimental techniques including reagent preparation, pipetting, DNA isolation, protein purification, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, SDS Gel Electrophoresis, Conventional PCR, cell culture, Western blot, ELISA, chromatography (GC-MS) and spectroscopy (FT-IR, NMR, UV-Vis). Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or CHEM 2112K Offered: Summer .

BIOL 2330. Principles of Epidemiology. (3 Credits)

This course is the first of two courses offered for students pursuing the track in public health. Principles of Epidemiology provides an overview of epidemiology methods used in research studies that address disease patterns in community and clinic-based populations. Topics covered include distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specific populations and application to control of health problems. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor.

BIOL 2411. Human Anatomy/Physiology I. (3 Credits)

An introductory course to the gross and microscopic structure and functional relationships of the integument, bones, muscles, nerves and endocrine organs. Co-requisite: Biology 2411L .

BIOL 2411K. Human Anatomy and Physiology I. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2411K is designed as an introductory course in human anatomy and physiology. Discussions include fundamental concepts related to the gross and microscopic structure and functional relationships of the integument, bones, muscles, nerves and endocrine organs. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requiste: Completion or exemption of all learning support requirements. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2411L. Hum. Anatomy/Physiology I Lab. (1 Credit)

Laboratory exercises will cover the gross and microscopic structure and functional relationships of the integument, bones, muscles, nerves and endocrine organs. Co-requisite: Biology 2411.

BIOL 2412. Human Anatomy/Physiology II. (3 Credits)

This course is a continuation of human anatomy and physiology I (Biol 2411). It focuses on the structure and functions of body systems (endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic & immune, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive). Co=requisite: Biology 2412L .

BIOL 2412K. Human Anatomy and Physiology II. (4 Credits)

This course is a continuation of human anatomy and physiology I (BIOL 2411K). Discussion will focus on the structure and functions of body systems (endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive). Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2411K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2412L. Human Anatomy/Physiology II Lab. (1 Credit)

Laboratory exercises will focus on the structure and functions of body systems (endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic & immune, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive). Co-requisite: Biology 2412 .

BIOL 2415. Scientific Writing. (3 Credits)

This course is designed to acquaint learners with discovery inquiry processes and to provide competencies for writing scientific papers. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

BIOL 2501. Introduction to Biomass. (2 Credits)

As the introductory course for students in the bioenergy track, this course is designed to introduce students to the source of bioenergy, which is biomass. Topics include defining biomass, sources of biomass, processing biomass, uses of biomass, and the role of environment and pollution in biomass production. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 2601. Intro to Foodborne Diseases. (3 Credits)

This course is one of the two courses offered for students completing the track in food safety. This is an intermediate level course, which will introduce students to the major pathogens associated with foodborne diseases, their epidemiology, and approaches to outbreak investigation and control of foodborne illness. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 2702. Fundamentals of Biotechnology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2801. Test Taking Skills in the Sciences. (2 Credits)

This course will help student develop practical and efficient strategies for learning in order to succeed in college. Course introduces development of skills to improve note taking, test- taking, listening, textbook study, reading, and time management, as well as methods to reduce test anxiety, improve concentration and learn memory strategies. Discussion of campus resources and learning styles are also introduced.

BIOL 3000K. Fundamentals of Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

A course designed to illustrate the current rise in biotechnology and explore its possible applications in plant, animal, biomedical, societal and global environments. Basic concepts of gene and recombinant DNA technology and laboratory on biotechnology research techniques is included.

BIOL 3101. Environmental Biology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3101K. Environmental Biology. (4 Credits)

Environmental Biology is an interdisciplinary science that integrates the disciplines and sub-disciplines of biology, chemistry, social sciences, technology, business, law, ethics, philosophy, morality, aesthetics and government. Environmental Biology analyzes the effects and subsequent impact of man's activities on Earth's ecosystems as related to issues of personal and community health. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Spring .

BIOL 3103. The Fundamentals of Bioenergy. (3 Credits)

This course expands upon the concepts introduced in BIOL 2501. The course introduces students to the application of biomass in the bioenergy field. Topics include defining bioenergy, sources of bioenergy, and the social, political and economic effects of using bioenergy. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2501 or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 3109. Advanced Concepts in Biological Sciences. (3 Credits)

This course will address concepts and methodologies in biolgy. The interactions and relationsips of protistan, monerans, fungi, plants and animals will also be stressed. Special emphasis will be morphological and physiological aspects of living organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 2112.

BIOL 3109L. Adv. Concepts in Biol. Sci Lab. (1 Credit)

BIOL 3201. Fund of Public Hlth Nutrition. (2 Credits)

This course is one of the two courses offered for students completing the track in food safety. This course will provide an introduction to Public Health Nutrition and the role of the Public Health Nutrition professional. Emphasis will be on definition, identification and prevention of nutrition related disease, as well as improving health of a population by improving nutrition. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2701K Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 3201K. Entomology. (4 Credits)

Introduction to the study of insect life histories, habitats and their relationships with emphasis on the econimic importance and control of these organisms. Prerequisite: BIOL 2112K US C.

BIOL 3250. Biochemestry. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3250K. Biochemistry. (4 Credits)

The student examines the structure, function, and metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Topics include bioenergetics, enzyme kinetics, photosynthesis, and the interdependence of the vairous metabolic pathways of intermediate metabolism. Course. Prerequisite: CHEM 2302.

BIOL 3300K. General Botany I. (4 Credits)

An introduction to the study of the plant kingdom with emphasis on plant structure and function, reporduction and heredity. Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K.

BIOL 3309K. Plant Anatomy. (4 Credits)

The study of structure and development of vegetative and reproductive organs of vascular plants with emphasis on angiosperms. Prerequisite: BIOL 2311K US C.

BIOL 3311. Intro to Nat Resources. (3 Credits)

BIOL 3311K. Introduction to Natural Resources. (3 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activies in this course are designed to introduce students to the problems of population, resource availability and environmental quality. Aspects of air, water resource problems, conventional sources of energy, and food and land resources issues will be considered in the course. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2107K and CHEM 2112K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 3312K. Planning and Managing Natural Resources. (3 Credits)

The study of renewable and non-renewable resources will be considered as it relates to evaluating and making objective decisions regarding strategic planning for future survival. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3101K and BIOL 3311K.

BIOL 3313K. Natural Resources and Environmental Policy. (3 Credits)

This course explores potential means of achieving control over environmental concerns and examines the interaction and effect of local, stae and federal goverments on environmental policy. Prerequisites: BIOL 3101K US C; BIOL 3311K US C; and BIOL 3312K US C.

BIOL 3314K. Use of Energy Resources. (3 Credits)

A course designed to acquaint students with the growing dependency of modern society on fossil fuel supplies, the possible exhaustion of these fuels and the social, economic and techincal problems involved in stabilizing our energy needs for future generations. Preprequisite: Junior or senior standing or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3315K. Conservation of Energy Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to energy technologies that impact on transportation, buildings, and industries as it relates to lowering energy costs. The course explores major successful economic and conservative strategies, including curtailment, improved efficiency and readjustments that have been successful in these areas. Prerequisite: BIOL 3314K US C.

BIOL 3316. Surces/Use of Plant/Wildlife. (3 Credits)

BIOL 3316K. Sources & Uses of Plant & Wildlife Resources. (3 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities introduce the student to the ways plant and wildlife resources have been used throughout history and studies their importance in food production and non-edible production utilization. Course Pre-requisite: 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 3317K. Natural Resources and Food Production. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the food requirements of organisms in specific geographical habitats and examines methods that may be used to increase food quantities in our natural resources. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3318K. Marine Life Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the marine ecosystem which includes plants, animals, invertebrates and vertebrates in their unique environment. Prerequisite: BIOL 3311K US C or BIOL 3311 US C or BIO 306 UG C.

BIOL 3319K. Conservation of Marine Life Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the oceans of the world and examines conservation techniques that are applicable to various marine environements. Prerequisite: BIOL 3318K US C or BIOL 330 UG C or BIOL 3318 US C.

BIOL 3320K. Principles and Techniques in Water Resource. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities introduces the student to the procedures needed to examine water over a wide quality of ranges, including water suitable for domestic or industrial supplies, surface water, and treated and untreated municipal or industrial wastewater. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 3321K. Conservation of Plant and Wildlife Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the impact of expansion by urban populations on plant and wildlife resources and focuses on specific conservation strategies that help reverse negative trends that have been established through years of misue and abuse. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3333K. Microbiology and Applications. (4 Credits)

A general course in microbiology specifically for Biology majors. Lecture and laboratory activities emphasize the fundamental concepts of the different groups of microorganisms as related to applications in human, animal and plant health, environment, industry, technology and biotechnology. The course will cover Archaea, bacteria, protists, fungi, viruses, parasites, algae and other microbial groups. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or BIOL 2108k or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall, Spring .

BIOL 3401. Intro to Histology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3401K. Introduction to Histology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities indtroduce the study of tissues with emphasis placed on light microscopic preparations. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor. Offered: Fall.

BIOL 3501. Principles of Genetics. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3501K. Principles of Genetics. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities introduce the study of the classical and modern concepts of heredity in plant and animal systems. Course Prerequisite: Biology 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall.

BIOL 3506. Bioinformatics. (3 Credits)

This course is designed to help students master the DNA analysis tools and resources to study the functions of genomics, understand the gene identity, facilitate the analysis and presentation of molecular and biochemical data. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2702K or BIOL2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall .

BIOL 3510K. Principles of Genetics. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3611. Medical Mycology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3611K. Medical Mycology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities are designed to acquaint students with select fungal groups that cause human disease. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 3701. Current Issues and Topics in Biotechnology. (2 Credits)

This course is to familiarize the students with some of the frontier areas if biotechnological applications where a huge scope for further contributions for betterment of the society exists. This course will allow students to gain theoretical and practical, hands-on knowledge of both commonly used and some specialized laboratory instruments, as well as preparation of common solutions, reagents and methodology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2702K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring .

BIOL 3801. Env Hlth Conc in Public Hlth. (2 Credits)

As the second course for student's pursuing the track in public health, this course provides a survey of major topics of environmental health. Topics include sources, routes, media, and health outcomes associated with biological, chemical, and physical agents in the environment; effects of agents on disease, water quality, air quality, food safety, and land resources; current legal framework, policies, and practices associated with environmental health and intended to improve public health. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2330 or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 3801K. Electron Microscopy. (3 Credits)

A mini-course that introduces techniques needed to examine specimens utilizing the transmission electron microscope. Junior or senior status or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3901. Pathophysiology. (3 Credits)

This course discusses the fundamentals of human diseases, with emphasis on anatomical, physiological and clinical processes. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall .

BIOL 4001. Research and Independent Study I. (1 Credit)

This is a required course for the biology major. The student will be introduced to concepts, methods and techniques necessary for the development of an undergraduate research topic. The student will make oral presentations on scientific topics of interest and plan a research project with assistance from a faculty advisor. (Required of all majors). Course Pre-requisite: Junior classification or permission of the instructor. Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4002. Research and Independent Study II. (1 Credit)

This is an elective course conducted under the supervision of a faculty advisor. This course is geared towards biology and biology education majors. Prerequisite: Biology 2108K.

BIOL 4002K. Research & Independ Study II. (1 Credit)

BIOL 4101. General Physiology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4101K. General Physiology. (4 Credits)

In this course, lecture and laboratory activities will emphasize the experimental approach to physiology including the nerve impulse, enzymes and their properties, along with other selcted topics. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 4201. Introduction to Parsitology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4201K. Introduction to Parasitology. (4 Credits)

Fundamentals of parasitology are investigated using lecture and laboratory activities with emphasis on the life histories and economic importance of protozoans, helmiths, and arthropod parasites. Course Pre-requisites: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4222K. Biology Senior Research. (3 Credits)

This is a required course for Biology majors. The student will conduct a supervised research project iin the biological/biomedical or related sciences. The students will perform the experiment, collect and analyze the data, and write up the research finding in a scientific report. The student will also give an oral presentation of the research findings. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 4001 or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4223. Found of Research III. (1 Credit)

As the third and final course of the Research track, this course will provide students the formal context to become critical writers and speakers of biomedical information. Students will learn to critique scientific literature; thereby, helping them to improve their own writing. Students will prepare both written and oral presentations of their research and results. Written communications include posters in the formats of the professional societies in their disciplines. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2240 or BIOL 4222 or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4301. Developmental Biology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4301K. Developmental Biology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities will emphasize classical methods of analysis and the series of emgryonic stages from gametogenesis to histogenesis. Also, basic conceptual topics such as nuclear totipotency, cell determination, cytoplasmic localization, induction, and morphogenesis are interspersed. Course Prerequisite: Biology 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 4401. Comparative Vertebrate. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4401K. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. (4 Credits)

Course lectures will include comparative structure and evolutionary relationships among a series of chordates from amphioxus to mammals with thorough laboratory dissections of at least one representative from each of the vertebrate classes. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 4501K. Immunology. (4 Credits)

Biology 4501K is an introductory level course in immunology. Lecture and laboratory exercises cover the basic concepts of the immune system, antigen, autoimmune diseases, tumor immunology, specific and non-specific types of immune responses. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2701K or BIOL 3333k or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4601. Plant Physiology. (4 Credits)

A study of vascular plant functions, including absorption and translocation of water and solutes, transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, growth and development and hormonal regulation is done in this course. Prerequisite:BIOL 2311 and BIOL 2312.

BIOL 4601K. Plant Physiology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory exercises study vascular plant functions, including absorption and translocation of water and solutes, transipration, photosynthesis, respiration, growth and development and hormonal regulation. Course Prerequisite: Biology 3300K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4701. Cell/Molecular Biology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4701K. Cell and Molecular Biology. (4 Credits)

This course is designed to acquaint students with the organization and function of the cell utilizing cellular and molecular techniques to investigate structure and function. Course Prerequisite: Biology 2108K or Biology 3333K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4702. Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

This course is designed to illustrate the current rise in biotechnology and explore its application in plant, animal, biomedical, human society, and global environment. This course wil also provide "hands-on" experience with modern biotechnology and molecular biology research techniques in the laboratory. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2211K US D or BIOL 2211 US D and BIOL 3250K US D or BIOL 3250 or CHEM 3250K US D or CHEM 3250 US D.

BIOL 4703K. Genetic Engineering. (4 Credits)

This course is intended to bring students up to the leading edge of research in developing genetically altered organisms. Focus will be on concepts and laboratory techniques of transgenic organisms, transformations; screening and selection of transgenic organisms Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2702K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4801. Test Taking Skills in Science. (2 Credits)

BIOL 4805. Seminar. (1 Credit)

This course is designed to give the education major appropriate methodologies needed to plan and conduct a research project. Prerequisite: Education major with junior or senior status.

BIOL 4901. MARC Honors Seminar. (1 Credit)

This course is designed to introduce students (MARC Honors participants) to research methodologies and will provide appropriate competencies needed to present research investigations on scientific topics of interest. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 4902. MARC Honors Seminar. (1 Credit)

This course will provide participants with the background needed to plan, conduct and present research findings under the guidance of a faculty advisor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 5001. Selected Topics in Biology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5002. Innovative Developmts in Bio. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5003. Biotechnology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5004. Microbiology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5005. Biological Chemistry. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5010. Selected Topics in Zoology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5011. Biology of the Invertebrates. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5011K. Biology of Invertebrates. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5012. Parasitology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5013. Mammalian Anatomy. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5014. Mammalian Physiology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5020. Selected Topics in Botany. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5021. Vegetation of South Georgia. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5022. Plant Biology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5023. Nonvascular Plants. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5024. Vascular Plants. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5030. Selected Topics in Human Bio. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5030K. Selected Topics in Human Biolo. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5040. Genetics. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5050. Ecology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5051. Selected Topics in Ecology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5052. Evolution and Nature of Sci. (3 Credits)

BIOL 5501. Selected Topics in Botany. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize the principles of vascular plant functions including hormonal regulation of growth and development. The topics will be selected to reflect the interest and needs of the students participating in the course.

BIOL 5502. Selected Topics in Zoology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize basic concepts of invertebrate zoology. The students (in-service teachers) in the course will help determine course content based upon their specific needs.

BIOL 5503. Selected Topics in Human Biology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize various aspects of human morphology and physiology. The topics will be selected to reflect the interests and needs of the students participating in the course.

BIOL 5504. Ecology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize principles and concepts of modern ecology. Investigative activities will include analysis of aquatic (marine and freshwater) terrestrial ecosytems.

BIOL 5505. Biology of the Invertebrates. (3 Credits)

Biology of the invertebrates is an advanced study of the taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, life history and ecology of invertebrates. Protozoa through the echinodermata are covered.

BIOL 5506. Genetics. (3 Credits)

A review of the basic principles of inheritance and classical genetics with detailed emphasis on molecular genetics, population and eugenics will be covered in this course.

BIOL 5507. Vegetation of South Georgia. (3 Credits)

This course will include a study of the common trees, shrubs and herbs of South Georgia. Emphasis will be placed upon the angiosperms of the area. Collections will comprise a major part of the course.

BIOL 5508. Parasitiology. (3 Credits)

A detailed study of the common parasites of man and domestic animals will be investigated in this course. Some emphasis will be placed on life cycles and vectors.

BIOL 5509. Mammalian Anatomy. (3 Credits)

This course will involve a study of the gross and microscopic structures of various mammalian organ systems. Emphasis will reflect the needs of the students taking the course.

BIOL 5510. Microbiology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize concepts and principles of bacteria, fungi and other microbial groups. Some attention will be given to morphological, physiological and biochemical relationships in these groups.

BIOL 5511. Nonvascular Plants. (3 Credits)

An evolutionary survey of the plant kingdom with emphasis on comparative morphology and evolution of the algae, fungi and bryophytes will be conducted in this course.

BIOL 5512. Vascular Plants. (3 Credits)

This course introduces the student to the structure and development of vegetative and reproductive organs of vascular plants, especially those associated with angiosperms and gymnosperms.

BIOL 5513. Mammalian Physiology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize the homeostatic mechanisms of such organ systems as cardiovascular, nervous, gastrointestinal, respiratory and genital urinary.

BIOL 5514. Biology Chemistry. (3 Credits)

This course is the study of the biologically important molecules and their metabolism and reactions in living systems.

BIOL 5515. Selected Topics in Biology. (3 Credits)

This course will enhance and reinforce biological concepts and principles for biology teachers. Emphasis will also be placed on biology methodology and computer utilization for middle grades and secondary teachers.

BIOL 5516. Innovative Developments in Biology. (3 Credits)

This course will address biological concepts in the areas of cell biology, genetics and metabolism for middle grades and secondary teachers. Emphasis will be placed on increasing teachers' knowledge and understanding in identifying, applying and analyzing recent biology concepts, processes and principles and increasing teachers' understanding and skills in using the methods of science through the use of open-ended investigations.

BIOL 5517. Selected Topics in Ecology. (3 Credits)

This course will address ecological concepts in northern, middle and coastal areas of Georgia for middle grades and secondary teachers. Emphasis will be placed on addressing current ecological issues that incorporate hands-on field activities into the learning process.

BIOL 5518. Biotechnology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize the study of gene structure and regulation. It is designed to acquaint students with current concepts and issues in biotechnology and to explore its applications in plant, animal, biomedical, human society and the global environment.

BIOL 5519. Plant Biology. (3 Credits)

Particular attention will be placed on the identification, selection and use of materials for correlating the study of plants with other subjects. The teacher will develop a base of knowledge that will enhance his/her effectiveness in planning and executing laboratory and field exercises in botany that complement lecture presentation.

BIOL 5520. Evolution and the Nature of Science. (3 Credits)

The nature of science and the fundamentals governing its origin will be presented in relation to current problems affecting the maintenance of life on earth. Special emphasis will be placed on the interaction of biological and cultural evolution and the alternatives to extinction that challenge contemporary man.

BIOL 5521. Hydrology/Water Use Efficiency. (3 Credits)

This course is designed to introduce concepts basic to hydrology and irrigation. Fundamental characteristics of aqufers - tributrary and non-tributary - are discussed along with their relevance for policy issues. Irrigation techniques and water use efficiency are discussed.

BIOL 5522. Enviro and Nat Resour. (3 Credits)

This course provides an overview of the economic principles, public policy instruments, and current practice involved in the management and conservation of natural and environmental systems. Emphasis is on the basic economic, ecology, principles and concepts that are necessary for effective resource management.

BIOL 5523. Water Resources/Envr Plan. (3 Credits)

This course provides the basic concepts necessary for applying benefit cost analysis to water projects and issues.

BIOL 5524. Water Law. (3 Credits)

This course is designed to introduce students without a background in law to basic legal concepts that are of critical importance for the design and implementation of water policies. Included will be a review of all major court decisions concerning equitable apportionment and their relevance for contemporary water policy.

BIOL 1011K. Introduction to Biology. (4 Credits)

An introduction to fundamental unifying principles in biology. Topics covered in the course include: chemistry of life, cell structure and membranes, cellular functions (metabolism, respiration, photosynthesis, communication, and reproduction), genetics (inheritance patterns, DNA structure and function, gene expression, and biotechnology), and evolution. This course involves both lecture and lab components.

BIOL 1100K. Human Anatomy and Physiology for the Health Care Professional. (4 Credits)

This course is a survey of general principles of human anatomy and physiology with an emphasis on medical applications. It is restricted to students in Health Science programs or requires the consent of the division dean. Laboratory exercises supplement the instruction material. Course Prerequisite: READ 0099, ENGL 0989 or satisfactory English scores to place into co-requisite remediation or higher. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1107K. Principles of Biology I. (4 Credits)

This is an integrated conceptual course which includes all levels of biological organization with the principles of origin, development, genetics, diversity, behavior and energetics. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Prerequisite: Completion or exemption of all learning support requirements and completion of high school or college chemistry. Cannot be used with BIOL 1110K to satisfy Area D. Offered: All semesters.

BIOL 1108K. Principles of Biology II. (4 Credits)

This is an integrated conceptual course that includes a survey of living organisms, behavior and ecology. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Prerequisite: BIOL 1107K. Offered: All semesters.

BIOL 1110K. Introduction to Environmental Biology. (4 Credits)

This course uses an interdisciplinary approach to contemporary environmental problems for students not studying in science. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Prerequisite: None. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1111. Intro to Biological Science I. (3 Credits)

Introduction to Biological Science is a course designed especially for non-science majors that emphasizes functional concepts of the cell (ie, cell structure and function, mitosis and metabolism), plant antamomy and physiology through the use of lectures, audiovisual aids and other resources.

BIOL 1111K. Introduction to Biological Sciences. (4 Credits)

A course designed for non-science majors that emphasizes fundamental concepts of the cell (i.e., cell structure and function, mitosis and metabolism), and plant anatomy and physiology through the use of lectures, audio visual aids, selected laboratory experiments, and demonstrations. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1111L. Introduction to Biological Science I Lab. (1 Credit)

This course provides selected laboratory activities and demonstrations for the lecture component Co-requisite: Biology 1111.

BIOL 1112. Intro to Biological Science II. (4 Credits)

A course designed for non-science majors that emphasizes human anatomy and physiology, classical and molecular genetics, evolution, ecology, and surveys the plant and animal kingdoms through lectures, audiovisual aids and other resources. Co-requisite: Biology 1112L .

BIOL 1112K. Intro to Biological Sciences. (4 Credits)

A course designed for non-science majors that emphasizes human anatomy and physiology, classical and molecular genetics, evolution, ecology, and surveys the plant and animal kingdoms through lectures, audio-visual aids, selected laboratory experiments, and demonstrations. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1112L. Intro to Biology II Lab. (1 Credit)

Introduction to Biological Science is a course designed especially for non-science majors that emphasizes human anatomy and physiology, classical and molecular genetics, evolution, ecology, and surveys the plant and animal kingdoms through lectures, audiovisual aids, selected laboratory experiments, and demonstrations.

BIOL 1114. Survey of Biotechnology. (3 Credits)

This course studies the basic concepts, applications and impact of manipulative DNA technology on plants, animals and man.

BIOL 1114K. Survey of Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

This course studies the basic concepts, applications and impact of manipulative DNA technology on plants, animals and man.

BIOL 1114L. Survey of Biotechnology. (1 Credit)

BIOL 1115. Intro to Environmental Biology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 1115K. Introduction to Environmental Biology. (3 Credits)

This course studies the basic concepts and impact of the inte related complexities of the enviroment on man, plants, animals and society.

BIOL 1135. Life Science for Teachers Grades 3-5 In-Service. (3 Credits)

The course addresses fundamentals of Life Science for teachers, grades 3-5. This course covers basic principles and teacher misconceptions from the fields of Cells, Organisms, Genetics, Ecology, Evolution and the Characteristics of Science. The course content is aligned to the Georgia Performance Standards for grades 3-5. Restricted to DCSS in-service teachers grades 3-5 only. Prerequisite: None. Corequisite: None. Offered: On demand.

BIOL 1801. Science Career Exploration. (1 Credit)

This course is designed to introduce students (majors and nonmajors) to the diverse career opportunities in the biological, biomedical, chemical and related sciences. Course Pre-requiste: None Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 2000. Foundations of Research I: Critical Reading of Biomedical Literature. (1 Credit)

This course is the introductory course of the research track designed for biology majors to gain competence as biomedical scientists. The goal of this course is to introduce students to the various types of research literature (primary, secondary, articles for the puclic, etc.) for developing competence in the use of literature sources. Course Pre-requisite: None Offered: Fall.

BIOL 2001. Introduction to Research. (2 Credits)

This course is designed specifically to teach students pursuing degrees in health professions the basic principles of performing a sceintific research project. Each student will identify a problem, perform aa literature search, design and perform an experiment, analyze data and present the results. Course Pre=requisite: BIOL 1111k, CHEM 1212K, PHYS 1112K or consent of Division Dean. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2003. Life Sciences for the Mid Grade Teacher. (3 Credits)

This course will provide middle grades teachers with high-level science content that is the foundation for the topics of cell and organism, genetics, adaptation, and ecology. This course does not satisfy any core curriculum requirement. Restricted to Middle Grades Teachers. Prerequisites: None. Offered: On demand.

BIOL 2004. Anatomy/Phy Mid Grades. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2005K. Introduction to Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2006. Environmental Biol Mid Grade. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2023. Life Sciences/Spec Ed Teacher. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2101K. Introduction to Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2107K. Principles of Biology I. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2108K. Principles of Biology II. (4 Credits)

Biology II is the second part of the two course sequence required for students majoring in Biology. The two course sequence is designed to give students a broad foundation in the biological sciences that will enable them to pursue advanced courses in the biology curriculum. The continuity and diversity of life, evolution and activities of plant and animal life and tis environment will be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on the following topics: classical and molecular genetics, organic evolution, plant and animal reproduction, human anatomy and physiology, ecology and environment. Laboratory exercises will supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2111. Biology I. (3 Credits)

This Course is designed for Biology majors to discuss the chemistry of macromolecules in biological systems; cell structure and function, energy and metabolism; photosynthesis; cell communication; genetics – mitosis and meiosis. Prerequisite: permission of instructor for non-majors. Co-requisite: Biology 2111L .

BIOL 2111K. Biology I. (4 Credits)

A study of the animal kingdom will be introduced with discussions on the continuity and diversity of life; emphasis will be placed on basic chemistry, the cell, and classification, biological contributions, characteristics, life cycles, and economic importance of selected phyla.

BIOL 2111L. Biology I Lab. (1 Credit)

In this course students will get hands on experiences in techniques used in various biological experiments. This course is designed for Biology majors.

BIOL 2112. Biology II. (3 Credits)

Continuity, evolution and activity of life, and the animal and its environment will be discussed in this course; special emphasis will be placed on the following topics: reproduction, development, classical and molecular genetics, organic evolution, human anatomy and physiology, plant anatomy and physiology, ecology and the environment. Prerequisite: Biology 2111 Co-requisite: Biology 2112L .

BIOL 2112K. Biology II. (4 Credits)

Continuity, evolution and activity of life, and the animal and its environment will be discussed in this course; special emphasis will be placed on the following topics: reproduction, development, classical and molecular genetics, organic evolution, human anatomy and physiology, ecology and the environment.

BIOL 2112L. Biology II Lab. (1 Credit)

Biology II is the second part of a two course sequence required for students majoring in Biology. The two course sequence is designed to give students a broad foundation in the biological sciences that will enable them to pursue advanced courses in the biology curriculum. Biology II follows Biology I in continuing explorations in some of the many complexities within the biological, biomedical and related sciences.

BIOL 2113K. Invertebrate Zoology. (3 Credits)

This course will emphasize classification, biological contributions, characteristics, morphology, phylogeny, and adaptive radiation among the invertebrate animal phyla.

BIOL 2115K. Essentials of Microbiology. (4 Credits)

This course covers microscopic biology to include bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoan and parasitic structure with metabolism as it applies to other organismal pathology. Genetics, immunity and disease control are included. Laboratory exercises augment and support the lecture material Prerequisites: BIOL 2111K or BIOL 1108K or CHEM 1151K or BIOL 1100K. Offered: All semesters.

BIOL 2211. Intro to Microbiology. (3 Credits)

The aim of this course is to provide students majoring in nursing with the fundamental principles of Microbiology (morphogy, cultural, etc.) gained from a study of represented types of microbial organism (i.e., bacterial, fungi, parasites, viruses) and provide an understanding of the role of microorganisms as the cause of diseases. Co-requisite: Biology 2211L Prerequisite: Biology 1111 or permission of the instructor Non Biology Majors .

BIOL 2211K. Introduction to Microbiology. (4 Credits)

This is a general course in microbiology designed for Nursing majors or non-biology majors which discusses the fundamental principles of the different types of microorganisms associated with organismal pathology, genetics, immunity, and disease control are included. Select laboratory exercises will provide the basic skills and tools necessary in staining, culturing and the identification of differenct types of microorganisms associated with disease. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 1100K and CHEM 1151K or BIOL 1111K or BIOL 2107K or BIOL 2411K (for non-science majors) Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer .

BIOL 2211L. Intro to Microbiology Lab. (1 Credit)

The laboratory provides basic skills to explore the world of microbiology. Students will learn the use and care of the compound microscope, aseptic techniques, different cultural and staining techniques, identification of microorganisms and methods of antibiotic testing. Prerequisite: Biology 1111 or permission of instructor Co-requisite: Biology 2211 Non Biology Majors.

BIOL 2240. Fnd Rsch I/Formulat Hypothesis. (2 Credits)

This is the second course for the research track to build student confidence in formulating hypotheses and designing experiments. This course also includes an introduction to the ethical issues that arise in research. Through case studies and review of literature, the course will present hypothesis-driven research from diverse areas related to biomedical science. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2000 or permission of the instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 2250. Responsible Conduct of Research. (2 Credits)

This course is designed to provide an introduction to the basic concepts required for the responsible and ethical conduct of students engaged in undergraduate research. Topics will include lab safety, conflict of interest, data management, data sharing, authorship, animal welfare and policies involving use of human and animal subjects. Coure Pre-requisites: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring .

BIOL 2311. General Botany I. (3 Credits)

An introduction to the study of the plant kingdom with emphasis on plant structure and function, plant metabolism, reproduction and heredity and plant diversity. Perquisites: Biology 2112 Co-requisite: Biology 2311L .

BIOL 2311L. General Botany I Lab. (1 Credit)

Laboratory exercises will emphasize plant structure and function, plant metabolism, reproduction and heredity and plant diversity. Perquisites: Biology 2112 Co-requisite: Biology 2311.

BIOL 2312. General Botany II. (3 Credits)

A study of the evolutionary relationships of representative nonvascular and vascular plants. Prerequisite: BIOL 2311..

BIOL 2312K. General Botany II. (4 Credits)

A study of the evolutionary relationships of representatitve nonvascular and vascular plants.

BIOL 2312L. General Botany II. (1 Credit)

BIOL 2320. Laboratory Research. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2320K. Laboratory Research Techniques. (3 Credits)

This course provides students hands-on training in cutting-edge techniques, technologies, and equipment that are essential for conducting general and biomedical research. It contains four modules: Basic Lab Skills, DNA, Protein Techniques and Instrumental Methods in Chemistry. Students learn experimental techniques including reagent preparation, pipetting, DNA isolation, protein purification, Agarose Gel Electrophoresis, SDS Gel Electrophoresis, Conventional PCR, cell culture, Western blot, ELISA, chromatography (GC-MS) and spectroscopy (FT-IR, NMR, UV-Vis). Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or CHEM 2112K Offered: Summer .

BIOL 2330. Principles of Epidemiology. (3 Credits)

This course is the first of two courses offered for students pursuing the track in public health. Principles of Epidemiology provides an overview of epidemiology methods used in research studies that address disease patterns in community and clinic-based populations. Topics covered include distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specific populations and application to control of health problems. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor.

BIOL 2411. Human Anatomy/Physiology I. (3 Credits)

An introductory course to the gross and microscopic structure and functional relationships of the integument, bones, muscles, nerves and endocrine organs. Co-requisite: Biology 2411L .

BIOL 2411K. Human Anatomy and Physiology I. (4 Credits)

BIOL 2411K is designed as an introductory course in human anatomy and physiology. Discussions include fundamental concepts related to the gross and microscopic structure and functional relationships of the integument, bones, muscles, nerves and endocrine organs. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requiste: Completion or exemption of all learning support requirements. Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2411L. Hum. Anatomy/Physiology I Lab. (1 Credit)

Laboratory exercises will cover the gross and microscopic structure and functional relationships of the integument, bones, muscles, nerves and endocrine organs. Co-requisite: Biology 2411.

BIOL 2412. Human Anatomy/Physiology II. (3 Credits)

This course is a continuation of human anatomy and physiology I (Biol 2411). It focuses on the structure and functions of body systems (endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic & immune, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive). Co=requisite: Biology 2412L .

BIOL 2412K. Human Anatomy and Physiology II. (4 Credits)

This course is a continuation of human anatomy and physiology I (BIOL 2411K). Discussion will focus on the structure and functions of body systems (endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, immune, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive). Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2411K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 2412L. Human Anatomy/Physiology II Lab. (1 Credit)

Laboratory exercises will focus on the structure and functions of body systems (endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic & immune, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive). Co-requisite: Biology 2412 .

BIOL 2415. Scientific Writing. (3 Credits)

This course is designed to acquaint learners with discovery inquiry processes and to provide competencies for writing scientific papers. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

BIOL 2501. Introduction to Biomass. (2 Credits)

As the introductory course for students in the bioenergy track, this course is designed to introduce students to the source of bioenergy, which is biomass. Topics include defining biomass, sources of biomass, processing biomass, uses of biomass, and the role of environment and pollution in biomass production. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 2601. Intro to Foodborne Diseases. (3 Credits)

This course is one of the two courses offered for students completing the track in food safety. This is an intermediate level course, which will introduce students to the major pathogens associated with foodborne diseases, their epidemiology, and approaches to outbreak investigation and control of foodborne illness. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 2702. Fundamentals of Biotechnology. (3 Credits)

BIOL 2801. Test Taking Skills in the Sciences. (2 Credits)

This course will help student develop practical and efficient strategies for learning in order to succeed in college. Course introduces development of skills to improve note taking, test- taking, listening, textbook study, reading, and time management, as well as methods to reduce test anxiety, improve concentration and learn memory strategies. Discussion of campus resources and learning styles are also introduced.

BIOL 3000K. Fundamentals of Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

A course designed to illustrate the current rise in biotechnology and explore its possible applications in plant, animal, biomedical, societal and global environments. Basic concepts of gene and recombinant DNA technology and laboratory on biotechnology research techniques is included.

BIOL 3101. Environmental Biology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3101K. Environmental Biology. (4 Credits)

Environmental Biology is an interdisciplinary science that integrates the disciplines and sub-disciplines of biology, chemistry, social sciences, technology, business, law, ethics, philosophy, morality, aesthetics and government. Environmental Biology analyzes the effects and subsequent impact of man's activities on Earth's ecosystems as related to issues of personal and community health. Laboratory exercises supplement the lecture material. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Spring .

BIOL 3103. The Fundamentals of Bioenergy. (3 Credits)

This course expands upon the concepts introduced in BIOL 2501. The course introduces students to the application of biomass in the bioenergy field. Topics include defining bioenergy, sources of bioenergy, and the social, political and economic effects of using bioenergy. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2501 or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 3109. Advanced Concepts in Biological Sciences. (3 Credits)

This course will address concepts and methodologies in biolgy. The interactions and relationsips of protistan, monerans, fungi, plants and animals will also be stressed. Special emphasis will be morphological and physiological aspects of living organisms. Prerequisite: Biology 2112.

BIOL 3109L. Adv. Concepts in Biol. Sci Lab. (1 Credit)

BIOL 3201. Fund of Public Hlth Nutrition. (2 Credits)

This course is one of the two courses offered for students completing the track in food safety. This course will provide an introduction to Public Health Nutrition and the role of the Public Health Nutrition professional. Emphasis will be on definition, identification and prevention of nutrition related disease, as well as improving health of a population by improving nutrition. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2701K Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 3201K. Entomology. (4 Credits)

Introduction to the study of insect life histories, habitats and their relationships with emphasis on the econimic importance and control of these organisms. Prerequisite: BIOL 2112K US C.

BIOL 3250. Biochemestry. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3250K. Biochemistry. (4 Credits)

The student examines the structure, function, and metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Topics include bioenergetics, enzyme kinetics, photosynthesis, and the interdependence of the vairous metabolic pathways of intermediate metabolism. Course. Prerequisite: CHEM 2302.

BIOL 3300K. General Botany I. (4 Credits)

An introduction to the study of the plant kingdom with emphasis on plant structure and function, reporduction and heredity. Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K.

BIOL 3309K. Plant Anatomy. (4 Credits)

The study of structure and development of vegetative and reproductive organs of vascular plants with emphasis on angiosperms. Prerequisite: BIOL 2311K US C.

BIOL 3311. Intro to Nat Resources. (3 Credits)

BIOL 3311K. Introduction to Natural Resources. (3 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activies in this course are designed to introduce students to the problems of population, resource availability and environmental quality. Aspects of air, water resource problems, conventional sources of energy, and food and land resources issues will be considered in the course. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2107K and CHEM 2112K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 3312K. Planning and Managing Natural Resources. (3 Credits)

The study of renewable and non-renewable resources will be considered as it relates to evaluating and making objective decisions regarding strategic planning for future survival. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 3101K and BIOL 3311K.

BIOL 3313K. Natural Resources and Environmental Policy. (3 Credits)

This course explores potential means of achieving control over environmental concerns and examines the interaction and effect of local, stae and federal goverments on environmental policy. Prerequisites: BIOL 3101K US C; BIOL 3311K US C; and BIOL 3312K US C.

BIOL 3314K. Use of Energy Resources. (3 Credits)

A course designed to acquaint students with the growing dependency of modern society on fossil fuel supplies, the possible exhaustion of these fuels and the social, economic and techincal problems involved in stabilizing our energy needs for future generations. Preprequisite: Junior or senior standing or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3315K. Conservation of Energy Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to energy technologies that impact on transportation, buildings, and industries as it relates to lowering energy costs. The course explores major successful economic and conservative strategies, including curtailment, improved efficiency and readjustments that have been successful in these areas. Prerequisite: BIOL 3314K US C.

BIOL 3316. Surces/Use of Plant/Wildlife. (3 Credits)

BIOL 3316K. Sources & Uses of Plant & Wildlife Resources. (3 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities introduce the student to the ways plant and wildlife resources have been used throughout history and studies their importance in food production and non-edible production utilization. Course Pre-requisite: 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 3317K. Natural Resources and Food Production. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the food requirements of organisms in specific geographical habitats and examines methods that may be used to increase food quantities in our natural resources. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3318K. Marine Life Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the marine ecosystem which includes plants, animals, invertebrates and vertebrates in their unique environment. Prerequisite: BIOL 3311K US C or BIOL 3311 US C or BIO 306 UG C.

BIOL 3319K. Conservation of Marine Life Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the oceans of the world and examines conservation techniques that are applicable to various marine environements. Prerequisite: BIOL 3318K US C or BIOL 330 UG C or BIOL 3318 US C.

BIOL 3320K. Principles and Techniques in Water Resource. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities introduces the student to the procedures needed to examine water over a wide quality of ranges, including water suitable for domestic or industrial supplies, surface water, and treated and untreated municipal or industrial wastewater. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 3321K. Conservation of Plant and Wildlife Resources. (3 Credits)

A course that introduces the student to the impact of expansion by urban populations on plant and wildlife resources and focuses on specific conservation strategies that help reverse negative trends that have been established through years of misue and abuse. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3333K. Microbiology and Applications. (4 Credits)

A general course in microbiology specifically for Biology majors. Lecture and laboratory activities emphasize the fundamental concepts of the different groups of microorganisms as related to applications in human, animal and plant health, environment, industry, technology and biotechnology. The course will cover Archaea, bacteria, protists, fungi, viruses, parasites, algae and other microbial groups. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or BIOL 2108k or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall, Spring .

BIOL 3401. Intro to Histology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3401K. Introduction to Histology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities indtroduce the study of tissues with emphasis placed on light microscopic preparations. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2107K or BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor. Offered: Fall.

BIOL 3501. Principles of Genetics. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3501K. Principles of Genetics. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities introduce the study of the classical and modern concepts of heredity in plant and animal systems. Course Prerequisite: Biology 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall.

BIOL 3506. Bioinformatics. (3 Credits)

This course is designed to help students master the DNA analysis tools and resources to study the functions of genomics, understand the gene identity, facilitate the analysis and presentation of molecular and biochemical data. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2702K or BIOL2107K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall .

BIOL 3510K. Principles of Genetics. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3611. Medical Mycology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 3611K. Medical Mycology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities are designed to acquaint students with select fungal groups that cause human disease. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 3701. Current Issues and Topics in Biotechnology. (2 Credits)

This course is to familiarize the students with some of the frontier areas if biotechnological applications where a huge scope for further contributions for betterment of the society exists. This course will allow students to gain theoretical and practical, hands-on knowledge of both commonly used and some specialized laboratory instruments, as well as preparation of common solutions, reagents and methodology. Prerequisite: BIOL 2702K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring .

BIOL 3801. Env Hlth Conc in Public Hlth. (2 Credits)

As the second course for student's pursuing the track in public health, this course provides a survey of major topics of environmental health. Topics include sources, routes, media, and health outcomes associated with biological, chemical, and physical agents in the environment; effects of agents on disease, water quality, air quality, food safety, and land resources; current legal framework, policies, and practices associated with environmental health and intended to improve public health. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2330 or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 3801K. Electron Microscopy. (3 Credits)

A mini-course that introduces techniques needed to examine specimens utilizing the transmission electron microscope. Junior or senior status or permission of instructor.

BIOL 3901. Pathophysiology. (3 Credits)

This course discusses the fundamentals of human diseases, with emphasis on anatomical, physiological and clinical processes. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall .

BIOL 4001. Research and Independent Study I. (1 Credit)

This is a required course for the biology major. The student will be introduced to concepts, methods and techniques necessary for the development of an undergraduate research topic. The student will make oral presentations on scientific topics of interest and plan a research project with assistance from a faculty advisor. (Required of all majors). Course Pre-requisite: Junior classification or permission of the instructor. Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4002. Research and Independent Study II. (1 Credit)

This is an elective course conducted under the supervision of a faculty advisor. This course is geared towards biology and biology education majors. Prerequisite: Biology 2108K.

BIOL 4002K. Research & Independ Study II. (1 Credit)

BIOL 4101. General Physiology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4101K. General Physiology. (4 Credits)

In this course, lecture and laboratory activities will emphasize the experimental approach to physiology including the nerve impulse, enzymes and their properties, along with other selcted topics. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Summer, Fall.

BIOL 4201. Introduction to Parsitology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4201K. Introduction to Parasitology. (4 Credits)

Fundamentals of parasitology are investigated using lecture and laboratory activities with emphasis on the life histories and economic importance of protozoans, helmiths, and arthropod parasites. Course Pre-requisites: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4222K. Biology Senior Research. (3 Credits)

This is a required course for Biology majors. The student will conduct a supervised research project iin the biological/biomedical or related sciences. The students will perform the experiment, collect and analyze the data, and write up the research finding in a scientific report. The student will also give an oral presentation of the research findings. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 4001 or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4223. Found of Research III. (1 Credit)

As the third and final course of the Research track, this course will provide students the formal context to become critical writers and speakers of biomedical information. Students will learn to critique scientific literature; thereby, helping them to improve their own writing. Students will prepare both written and oral presentations of their research and results. Written communications include posters in the formats of the professional societies in their disciplines. Course Pre-requisite: BIOL 2240 or BIOL 4222 or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4301. Developmental Biology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4301K. Developmental Biology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory activities will emphasize classical methods of analysis and the series of emgryonic stages from gametogenesis to histogenesis. Also, basic conceptual topics such as nuclear totipotency, cell determination, cytoplasmic localization, induction, and morphogenesis are interspersed. Course Prerequisite: Biology 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 4401. Comparative Vertebrate. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4401K. Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy. (4 Credits)

Course lectures will include comparative structure and evolutionary relationships among a series of chordates from amphioxus to mammals with thorough laboratory dissections of at least one representative from each of the vertebrate classes. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2108K or permission of instructor Offered: Spring.

BIOL 4501K. Immunology. (4 Credits)

Biology 4501K is an introductory level course in immunology. Lecture and laboratory exercises cover the basic concepts of the immune system, antigen, autoimmune diseases, tumor immunology, specific and non-specific types of immune responses. Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2701K or BIOL 3333k or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring .

BIOL 4601. Plant Physiology. (4 Credits)

A study of vascular plant functions, including absorption and translocation of water and solutes, transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, growth and development and hormonal regulation is done in this course. Prerequisite:BIOL 2311 and BIOL 2312.

BIOL 4601K. Plant Physiology. (4 Credits)

Lecture and laboratory exercises study vascular plant functions, including absorption and translocation of water and solutes, transipration, photosynthesis, respiration, growth and development and hormonal regulation. Course Prerequisite: Biology 3300K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4701. Cell/Molecular Biology. (4 Credits)

BIOL 4701K. Cell and Molecular Biology. (4 Credits)

This course is designed to acquaint students with the organization and function of the cell utilizing cellular and molecular techniques to investigate structure and function. Course Prerequisite: Biology 2108K or Biology 3333K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4702. Biotechnology. (4 Credits)

This course is designed to illustrate the current rise in biotechnology and explore its application in plant, animal, biomedical, human society, and global environment. This course wil also provide "hands-on" experience with modern biotechnology and molecular biology research techniques in the laboratory. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 2211K US D or BIOL 2211 US D and BIOL 3250K US D or BIOL 3250 or CHEM 3250K US D or CHEM 3250 US D.

BIOL 4703K. Genetic Engineering. (4 Credits)

This course is intended to bring students up to the leading edge of research in developing genetically altered organisms. Focus will be on concepts and laboratory techniques of transgenic organisms, transformations; screening and selection of transgenic organisms Course Prerequisite: BIOL 2702K or permission of instructor Offered: Fall, Spring.

BIOL 4801. Test Taking Skills in Science. (2 Credits)

BIOL 4805. Seminar. (1 Credit)

This course is designed to give the education major appropriate methodologies needed to plan and conduct a research project. Prerequisite: Education major with junior or senior status.

BIOL 4901. MARC Honors Seminar. (1 Credit)

This course is designed to introduce students (MARC Honors participants) to research methodologies and will provide appropriate competencies needed to present research investigations on scientific topics of interest. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

BIOL 4902. MARC Honors Seminar. (1 Credit)

This course will provide participants with the background needed to plan, conduct and present research findings under the guidance of a faculty advisor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.